Curriculum & Study

Curriculum Structure MAC 2021

Curriculum is designed in a manner so that a student has flexibility of designing his own learning path. It allows for multiple options through various subjects to choose from this page 

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Program Structure

The MAC Program is modular. The standard period of study, including the examination time, is four semesters. To earn an M.A. in Architectural and Cultural Heritage, students are required to complete modules in several categories, including Compulsory (Mandatory) Courses (Humanities & Techniques), Electives and Projects, culminating their studies with a Final Thesis. Students may begin this course of study in either the Winter or the Summer Semester, as all classes are available every semester.

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Formalities at HS Anhalt

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Curriculum

1st Semester

  • H1.1 Theory of Monumental Heritage

    The MAC program offers the participants of this program an introduction to German history and culture in the first semester as a way to facilitate their way around Germany. Proper information from museums, archives, and literature is part of the basic knowledge required in heritage conservation. The conservator must be able to analyze and inventory a monument. To enter into the professional discourse, the motivation, history, and management of monuments in various countries will be analyzed, and different laws for the protection of historic monuments and art heritage discussed. Many people consider the reconstruction of monuments as a sort of conservation, which means that this issue has to be fully analyzed and understood. Furthermore, there are always different societal interests as well as those of builders, architects, and preservationists, which must be taken into account. Because the course of history never stops, we need strategies to find out how to develop cultural heritage in the future, for this reason, designing in a historical.

  • H1.2 Theory of Architecture I

    This compulsory module covers the main-function of buildings as habitat. The concept of housing varies over historical periods. Current and historical floor plans reflect their societies and the way people lived together. Whether they were young or old or separated men from women, houses had different characteristics. Large and small families lived together in different orders. If there were old, splitter or quartering could be reproduced in the arrangement of rooms. Residential buildings were often made of perishable materials, mostly wood. Therefore, in this semester design is covered parallel to the material. Teachers analyze exemplary house landscapes. Also, the students examine the function and age of furniture and inventory the features of the interior. The Timberwork-Center Quedlinburg brings the potential of the world's cultural heritage in the course. The semester includes an excursion to the city.

  • T1.1 Techn. Fundamentals of Monumental Heritage

    Alongside humanities dimensions, preservation requires several technical skills, including technical drawing and the use of surveying equipment. The students examine and analyze historical buildings, a room-book completes the record of the various monuments, and the data enables virtual reconstructions and three-dimensional representations of the structures.
    The seminar also covers knowledge of the particular soil characteristics, building materials, building physics, and building construction in monument preservation, as well as the importance of color concepts in historical buildings.

  • T1.2 Build. Methods & Structures Made Organic Mat.

    Parallel to the seminar in humanities, the technique of wood-based materials is also analyzed by discussing the differences in material, texture, and pests. The basic techniques for the analysis and dating of wooden materials are the C-14 method, the dendrochronology, the endoscopy, and the thermography. The development of wood construction is mediated in detail using the construction of post-column structures, the headrail construction, and log constructions. The students learn how half-timbered structures can be renovated. In this seminar, the history of the frameworks and their representation are also introduced. We pay special attention to the particular importance of color in medieval towns.

2nd Semester

  • H2.1 Garden Heritage Preservation

    The first part of the 2nd Semester focuses on the preservation of historic gardens. Beginning with the wonders of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, several examples of the ancient world are discussed. In medieval Europe, monastery gardens had a lasting effect. The expression of the Huguenots garden is one example. Aside from the design, they were conceived as a particular fruit and vegetable garden. In this context, they were also used for funerals. This development can be found in the new Friedwald concept. In the Renaissance and Baroque more representative installations are found, and labyrinths were introduced as a special design. In all cultures, gardens have a special significance, as they have in China, Japan, India, and many other countries. Britain was able to implement this knowledge and shaped a new typology in the 18th Century with the English gardens. Orangery and zoo gardens implied expression of this development. An enlightened duke formed a garden kingdom in Anhalt-Dessau that was an example for the rest of the continent. Only the nouveau garden and the gardens of the modern age contributed to new ideas. Of particular importance are state and national Gardens. In future concepts, industrial areas will be included as well.

  • H2.2 Theory of Architecture II

    'When mankind built in stone, they did it for the gods or the godlike.' Stone buildings were not common as a part of the nature of a landscape, and they were often a representative expression of the thinking of an era. It is significant that almost all older wooden temples in subsequent periods 'petrified'. Should men or his gods survive beyond their normal lifespan in a building, the stone was the preferred material. Sacred buildings determine by religious concepts learned while interacting with their architecture. Still today, the builder loves proclaiming this concept by constructing towers for a bank or insurance company. Only military buildings have to be understood differently. Their development will be analyzed from the prehistoric fortifications, from castles to modern fortifications.

  • T2.1 Techn. Fund. of Garden Heritage Perservation

    Historic gardens require basic plant knowledge. Flowers, grasses, shrubs, and trees require different conditions. They have to be seen in connection with the soil, water, and weather. Potential pest damage must be prevented. Garden tools help keep the plants in good condition. The use of water in the form of fountains and ponds will be covered. Cemetery and zoo gardens present their own set of challenges and require maintenance tailored to their specific conditions. Similarly, landscape furniture and color concepts are presented alongside the Basics of historic gardens.

  • T2.2 Build. Methods & Structures of Inorganic Mat.

    To build in natural stone, students need to know about geology and its possible uses. Stone-masons created tools that made it possible to process hard materials. A lot of technical rules have to be taken into account. In landscapes without natural stones, the clay would be used and transformed into bricks. They have their characteristics, but are similar in many details and allow certain architectural elements such as arches and vaults and many other examples. The Baroque incorporated false vaults, stucco, and stucco lustro. To deal with the massive buildings, students must learn to work with mortar and plaster. In religious buildings, the color had a particular role and will be specifically analyzed.

3rd Semester

  • H3.1 Designing of the City

    The enlightenment opened the door for industrialization, which was first adopted by England. Many early buildings with steel structures, concrete structures, and steel buildings are a testament to this change. Many researchers consider the French Revolution and its architecture as the birth of modernity. This period was only looking for new forms. Its first expression was to be seen in the Palladian Classicism or the Neo-Gothic in England. The Anhalt-Dessau region was a pioneer in adopting this style within the continent. This development ultimately led to eclecticism (historicism) and eventually to irrelevance. French Art Deco or Art Nouveau was not a sustainable breakthrough. The change in Europe was produced by the classic modernism with influences from Asia and America. One of the icons of this time is the Bauhaus in Dessau. Neo-classicism could not stop its move forward. Excursions to the Bauhaus-archive, to Gropius and van der Rohe buildings, enrich the teachings of this semester.

  • H3.2 Theory of Architecture III

    Over the last 10,000 years, humanity took several great strides in its development.
    In the first step, they evolved from hunters and gatherers to farmers. This was followed by a significant concentration of the population, which led to regional differences in settlement forms. Sometimes settlements were established through specific planning. Cities appeared as a consequence of craftsmen's specialization and as a result of new services and trade. Industrialization increased efficiency, which led to a concentration of the population in cities, rather than in the countryside. Cities need more services that qualify as another kind of specialization (for example, the city hall, hippodrome, amphitheater, theater, hospital, etc.). Urban structures express the form in which power and society are organized. The first mega-cities will be analyzed according to their origins and evolution. The medieval European town changed drastically with the abolition of the defense (structure or quarters). Together with population growth as a result of industrialization block quarters were compressed. The Charter of Athens tried to propose new perspectives for modern urban planning. In the coming decades, however, its limits will be met and must be updated. Here, the monuments need to be assessed, as they are a change in the ensemble. Future concepts do not see growth everywhere. Inhabited places and the handling of memorial structures will be a future.

  • T3.1 Technical Fundamentals of Modernity

    New building materials were introduced into the industry. Although not discoveries, their use in larger amounts in construction was new to the industry. As early as the 19th century the technology of iron and steel could be used for skyscrapers. New technologies accelerated the production of glass and breakthroughs in building materials were made with the fusion of steel and concrete. Progressively many materials, usually made of plastic, have been added.  These materials are fundamental to the restoration of modern buildings. Similarly, the preservation of the early monuments of modernity implies a special challenge. Colors were treated differently than in previous eras.

  • T3.2 Building Methods & Structures in the City

    Cities have a lot of infrastructures that are relevant for monument conservation. Historical road construction can complete a monument complex. The infrastructure of mass transit systems such as trains, trams, and underground railways can be interesting for a monumental status. One subject of the seminar is the restoration of historic train stations, etc. Access to a water supply ranging from Roman aqueducts to modern water towers ensured survival in the cities. In case of fire, the fire department needed to have access to it. Likewise, contaminated water was remitted.
    Wind and water mills to grind grain, and oil or to pump water were part of the cities. The street lighting of the town was early secured. Many aspects of the technical heritage will be addressed in this seminar. It provides an overview of the environmental issues that affect cities, and the role monuments play in this discussion.

4th semester

  • Master Thesis

    This is the dedicated semester for the students to write their 20 weeks long master thesis. When all the prerequisite courses mentioned in the Course structure are done, the student has applied to the board of Monumental Heritage to start writing the thesis. 

     

    Before applying formally for starting the master thesis, you have to keep these points in mind:

    1. All prerequisite courses are done.
    2. You must have one professor from this institution as your first master supervisor.
    3. You have talked personally to the professors with whom you want to do your thesis.
    4. The master supervisor must be of Professor designation, and according to German academic rule there is no payment - it is a volunteer task.
    5. You must present what information already existing for your proposed thesis topic.

     

    When you are ready with all these points, fill up these forms (as below listed) and submit them.

    Best of luck!

     

    More details can be found under the following topics

    Instructions on the Preparation of Master Thesis [PDF]

    Proposal Master Thesis [DOC]

    Application for Final Thesis [PDF]

    Reformulation of the Topic of the Final Thesis [PDF]

    Application for Extension of Thesis Topic Writing and Research Time [PDF]

  • Master Colloquium

    The master thesis is defended in the context of a presentation. The presentation can be individually accompanied by analog or digital media.