The conservation of buildings is currently becoming one of the main focal areas of the work of an architect, whereby a distinction is made between two domains: on the one hand, the upkeep of memorial installations – for which a thorough grasp of historical constructions and their structural methodology is required – and on the other design and construction as a continuous process of communication, the quality of which lies in dialogue with the location and its history. Research on existing features always takes precedence before the conservation and conscientious restoration of a monument. Knowledge which is important for future planning and cost-effective restoration can be gleaned at this point.
Urban planning in a historic context
Architectural conservation within urban planning involves the long-term preservation of historic centers by safeguarding qualities that forge an identity, such as the urban layout, embedding within the landscape, streets, and squares as well as individual buildings of significance. Cities must live up to the fresh challenges posed by traffic, transport and supply and waste management. New features must, therefore, be integrated continuously, so that historic centers can meet these demands and can function; stagnancy can only breed decline within neighborhoods. The emphasis within urban development must lie on the greater whole, whilst still not neglecting individual aspects.
Landscape and garden preservation
The preservation of historic gardens is the discipline responsible for the conservation and rehabilitation of historic landscaping. A garden-based memorial is primarily composed of biological matter (plants). It changes rapidly and is relatively short-lived. Its appearance hinges upon the change of seasons and natural evolution as well as decay. The handling of such a task calls for expertise within the domains of landscape gardening and cultural heritage preservation. The search for buried traces of a historic garden lies within the realm of archaeological heritage management; the restoration of park architecture is a task suited to those who have studied architectural heritage preservation.
preservation of industrial monuments
The interior architecture sees itself as a mediator between yesterday and today. A monument can be experienced from the inside through the interplay of visible and tangible quality of the room envelope and furnishings. This includes room acoustics, light/light conditions and the further development of a structural approach, e.g. through the design of furniture/objects, or a lighting concept as important as the choice of color and material with the right accentuation.
Design in a historical contexts
Designing new building parts for an old building/monument, designing in old buildings and monuments: e.g. (adaptive) re-use
About the documentation of the architecture, photographic measurement plays an important role in mapping outbuildings and their true color rendering. The thorough photographic presentation is crucial for an inventory and all further steps in the documentation and planning process. In architectural research and restoration, digital images are widely accepted as photographic documentation of the state. Long-term archiving and storage options also play a central role in the preservation of cultural heritage, architectural research, and archeology. Photography makes it possible to view the historical state of a building and to compare it directly with the current state of the building and the stages of the building throughout history. This comparison would be almost impossible without photography.
3D-models open a new area of application in the field of cultural heritage conservation. In this regard, the visualization can be used for many purposes, such as building documentation, analysis of art history, and identification of vulnerable areas within the construction.
Children wonder early on "Who am I? Where do I come from? " You want to know something about "old" times. The best way to satisfy the youngest thirst for knowledge is through picture stories. In comics, history comes alive and can be experienced. In addition to an exciting story, knowledge is also conveyed through these images. The artist teaches and entertains through his drawings. Comics are often used as teaching material in school lessons.
The measurement and documentation of the general condition of the building form the basis of all planning. The more precisely the existing property is recorded, the finer the implementation of renovation, restoration, and renovation measures will be. State-of-the-art measurement hardware such as electronic tachometers and GPS instruments are used for the basic measurement. 3D-models open a new area of application in the field of cultural heritage conservation. In this regard, the visualization can be used for many purposes, such as building documentation, analysis of art history, and identification of vulnerable areas within the construction.
With historical buildings, it is often difficult to determine which historical construction was used and/or which technology should be used to restore and maintain these historical buildings. The proliferation of these buildings means that technical expertise is crucial to fully grasp the historical building stock and thus ensure the structural integrity of a building in the long term. The increased demand for measurements during construction on historic buildings has increased the need for such technical experts. Inspections that result from non-invasive assessments are not only a remarkably effective alternative to invasive methods but often offer the only way to obtain the information that is important for the preservation process.
Within the cultural heritage, artisans are needed who know how to trust objects of our historical heritage. For every raw material - whether wood, stone, metal, or glass - there are experts in every area who are responsible for the professional restoration of the item. The basic principles underlying the preservation are taught as part of a degree in Monumental Heritage so that students can enter into a dialogue with experienced craftsmen in their later careers, work together on concepts for the preservation of cultural heritage and advise customers, as well as surveys and measures, can evaluate in terms of cultural heritage conservation.
The traditional field of activity related to the arena of museums and exhibitions includes the collection, conservation, research, exhibition, and transportation. These are among the professional fields of listed monuments with a university degree. This job requires graduates who are primarily characterized by a sound knowledge of a specific area of museology, art, and architecture history, as well as a good university degree and who can work and communicate at a high academic level. Occupational fields fall into the administration - as director, exhibition designer, librarian, museum educator, or conservationist. Museums play an important role in our society and those who work in museums must have the right education and background to protect and preserve the history they contain.
The task of raising public awareness and acceptance of the preservation of monuments and the preservation of cultural heritage to promote a feeling of participation in cultural heritage is anchored in all laws for the protection of cultural heritage. In this context, advertising and publications see themselves as "goal-oriented intermediaries"; It is, therefore, part of the political mandate of the authorities responsible for monuments in the Federal Republic of Germany. “Media-related” conservationists need competencies and skills in the field of academic communication because they act as intermediaries between research and information-based society.
There has been a lot of discussion about historical monuments in contemporary advertising since the monument is controversial as a branded product or as a product. Since monuments have been part of the inventory of associations and foundations, it has been possible to achieve successful advertising. Brand advertising must also be achieved to emphasize the importance of the monument or to generate donations. We must keep our historical treasures from being forgotten. At best, historical monuments are brought to life. Concepts and strategies must be worked out and promoted, accompanied by publications, events, trade fairs, and exhibitions.
Administration in governmental and Non-governmental institutions
In Europe, there are innumerable “traditional” jobs related to the preservation of cultural heritage in government agencies or city-wide institutions, which are part of the public service. This body regulates access to its positions relatively strictly and specifies the requirements that must be met to be considered for a position. To get a job in higher civil service - the category for people with academic qualifications in the public sector (state museums, national cultural representations/offices, universities) you usually have to have a doctorate; Non-governmental institutions (e.g. city or private museums) have partially softened their stance on the subject.
More than just publishing the latest research results in monument conservation, (art) history and archaeology as a print medium or in digital form, but also in audiovisual form.
Research and archiving are among the professional areas of cultural heritage conservation. The humanities lay the foundation for an understanding of our culture. Interdisciplinary research plays an important role in the preservation of cultural heritage and is inextricably linked to it. The results flow into the work of journalists and are published in specialist journals and books to draw attention to these topics. Employers include public administration, museums, archives, universities, media and information companies, associations, and institutions.